FIRST PHASE OF BOLÍVAR'S LIFE
1783 Simón Bolívar was born in
came from a rich and influential family of criollos whose first members
His teachers (tutors) were Andrés Bello, the most prominent humanist and grammarian of Bolívar's lifetime, and Simón Rodríguez, who was an outspoken iconoclast and rationalist.
Due to their French-influenced teaching, Bolívar can be considered a disciple of the social and political doctrines of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
His parents died when he was very young, and he was raised by an uncle who paid little attention to him.
married María Teresa Rodríguez
del Toro y Alaysa, the niece of the Marqués de Toro
(a prominent city in
traveled to the
"It is amazing that this model in North America should subsist so prosperously and should not become entangled at the appearance of the first obstacle or danger—although that nation is a rare model in political virtues and in moral examples—and granting the fact that liberty was its cradle, and that it was reared and nourished on freedom—I will say it all, although this nation is unique in the history of mankind, it is prodigious, I repeat, that a system so weak and complicated could have governed it through circumstances so difficult and delicate as the past one."
Bolívar was, generally speaking, a utopian who hoped to create one American nation, but he realized that his was not possible.
SECOND PHASE OF BOLÍVAR'S LIFE
and Miranda then returned to
Miranda is named commander of the rebel army.
12) Bolívar wrote to Miranda promising to give his commander an account of Bolívar's
Miranda surrenders to the Spanish colonial army when Bolívar handed him over to the Spanish. Bolívar thought Miranda was a traitor, but Bolívar never justified his action.
wrote his Manifiesto de Cartagena, in which he
analyzes the political, social, and
economic causes—including an earthquake in
named commander of an army in
the rebellion is going on in South America, king
Fernando VII returns to the throne of
a result of Fernando VII's actions, the prosperous criollos in Nueva Granada (Gran
Bolívar led an army into
1815-1816 Bolívar then fled to first to Curaçao, then to
he went to
this time, he wrote a diary about
Ø Latin America has a heritage of neglect
and ill treatment from
Ø Latin Americans are "passive";
Ø Democracy and republics are not
Ø Many small republics would suit Latin
America better than the idea of manifest destiny, which was guiding the
1816 With the help of Haitian soldiers and
money, which he got from Pétion in exchange for
freeing the black slaves in
then returns to
llaneros (men from the plains of central and south
Bolívar's battered army
1821 Gran Colombia is declared a reality with
Bolívar as president and Francisco de Paula
meets with the Argentinian liberator, José de San Martín, in
last Spanish forces are defeated in
commands the rebel forces in the great battle of Junín (August 6th)
while Antonio José de Sucre defeats the last Spanish army at
liberates Alta Peru, and it is named for him:
THIRD PHASE OF BOLÍVAR'S LIFE
is violent and bitter factionalism through all of northern
1828 To solve the political impasse Bolívar proclaims himself dictator on August 27th.
Bolívar's lover, Manuela Sáenz, helps save him from an assassination attempt.
break out all over Gran
1830 Simón Bolívar resigns his presidency (dictatorship).
dies of tuberculosis on December 17th at La Quinta de San
Pedro Alejandrino in
remains were moved to a Panteón Nacional
(National Pantheon) in
For a website dedicated to the monument where Simón Bolívar is buried, click on the following image: