Homework #5
Florida's Latin American Humanities
and Latin American Baroque: Florida and Sor Juana

In your opinion, (A) which one of the images in the Fort Matanzas series serves as the best illustration of Latin American humanities in Florida in the colonial period? In other words, if you were teaching this class, which single image (and its commentary) would you choose? (B) Explain your answer with references to the image you choose and make sure you use appropriate themes listed in the online Key Terms page.

(A) Compare and contrast the image of Juan Ponce de León seen in St. Augustine #4 and the image of the same Spanish explorer seen in the painting in the Cummer Museum in Jacksonville. (B) What do you personally think of this famous Florida painting in the Cummer Museum? (C) What "mistake" did the artist make in the painting in the Cummer Museum?

Answer the humanities question embedded in page #15 in the series on Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his Galleon. (Index -> "M")

Compare Fort Caroline image #5 to De Bry illustration #5 in terms of (a) age, (b) style, and (c) relationship. By "relationship" is meant, (A) what was the intent of LeMoyne's painting (and De Bry's illustration) vs. (B) what is the intent of the content of Fort Caroline image #5, which is a photograph taken by the photographer-professor in the 21st century? To answer this question you will need to study the full series of 12 images in the Fort Caroline pages.


Study the information (Comments) in the Index for Fort Mose (-> Index -> "F" -> "Florida Index" -> Colonial Hispano-African Florida). Then write a paragraph (minimum 50 words; put the Word Count in your answer) in which you tell (a) what Fort Mose was, (b) what its significance was in 18th century Spanish Florida, and (c) what social, historical, political, and humanities significance it has (for you) in the 21st century.


Answer the two humanities questions in the Felipe VI index (=> Index => "F" => Florida Index => Phillip VI.


Answer these questions about Miami's Calle Ocho and other elements of Latin American humanities artifacts: (A) In what sense is the central object in the enlargement of this thumbnail image a stela; that is, what is a stela and how might the monument in this image be identified as a modern stela? (B) When (in what periods and places) were stelae (stelas) truly significant aspects of Latin American humanities? (C) Relate this Cuban/Miami "stela" to another stela you have already studied specifically in this online textbook. (See either the Mayas or the Plaza de Tlateloco in Mexico City?)




On page 2 in the "Notes on the Latin American Baroque" there is a linked image for the Sagrario Chapel in Mexico City. (A) State in your own words what Churrigueresque style is and how it relates to the Baroque; (B) Describe the chapel in your own words including your own sense if you think it is beautiful or not.


On page 5 in the "Notes on the Latin American Baroque" there is a linked image for the Church of the Compañía in Arequipa, Perú. Study the image and then answer the first four embedded humanities questions (A, B, C, and D).


In Section IV, page 4, of the Baroque Notes, three major Peruvian Baroque authors are mentioned briefly. Name the three and tell very briefly what their contributions are to the Latin American Baroque humanities.


Study the 12 pages dedicated to Aleijadinho. Then study page #10 very carefully. Write an answer to the following issues and comparisons: The comments in #10 say that this church's architecture is "Neoclassical"; yet, on other pages on Aleijadinho, it says that he quintessentially Baroque. (A) What elements make the church's architecture Neoclassical (as dramatically different from Baroque style)? (B) What elements in Aleijadinho's sculptures make them "quintessentially Baroque", as it says in Aleijadinho #8, while others are "late Baroque or exhuberant Rococo, as it says in Aleijadinho #6? Try to make some sense of Aleijadinho and these 18th century style... in Brazil.

Read and study all 15 pages about Sor Juana Inés's childhood circumstances (upbringing, birth status) in Panoaya (Panoayán in the Index). Then answer the embedded question in Panoayán #8? Say "yes" or "no", then write an answer referring to elements in specific images (give the number of the images you refer to).

In the textbook Index under Sor Juana, find and read the "Answer to Sor Filotea de la Cruz" by Sor Juana. Then (A) write a brief paragraph in which you apply the Baroque concept of "veras y burlas [truth and trickery]" to both (a) Sor Juana's strategy in "answering" Sor Filotea (AKA, her bishop) and (b) the content of what she is saying. You are not being asked at all to analyze the entire "Answer," but rather to give a general appraisal of (a) and (b) with a minimum of one example of each. (#13 automatically contains 1 extra point.)


In the textbook Index under Sor Juana, find and read the "Letter by Sor Filotea de la Cruz." Then on page 4, study carefully the paragraph whose inclusive words are: "It is a shame ... love for the original." (A) Write a full paragraph of more than 50 words (indicate the number of words in your answer at the beginning of your answer to #14) in which you analyze the paragraph and interpret what the so-called Sor Filotea is telling Sor Juana. (#14 automatically contains 1 extra point.)

State you own personal thoughts (estimation, appraisal, etc.) of Sor Juana by referring to the issues raised by the four embedded questions in Panoayán #15. (Note: for your answer to Q 15, please do not--you do not have to--answer questions A, B, C, D individually; just use them as a way to give you general view of Sor Juana.)
Extra Credit
2 points
This is a wild and speculative comparison and contrast question. Write an answer in which you imagine (like a wild metaphor) linking (a) Sor Juana's life and death with (b) the popular Halloween image of (Mexico's) La Calavera Catrina on the Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos). In other words, are they linked as some kind of deep social, psychological, artistic, humanities matter in Latin American humanities and culture?