NAME: República Dominicana
Country named the Spanish of Domingo (Sunday; i.e., the Lord's Day).
POPULATION: 9,800,000 (2008)
ETHNIC GROUPS: Mulatto (73%); white (16%); black (11%)
LANGUAGE: Spanish (official)
RELIGION: Roman Catholicism (95%)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: 2008: men, 71; women, 75
LITERACY: 1997: 66%; 2007: 67%
GOVERNMENT: democratic republic
President: Leonel Fernández Reyna
ECONOMY: Tourism, sugar processing, nickel, gold, textiles, cement, tobacco
MONEY: Peso (DOP); 1997: 33.1 = $1.0 USD
GEOGRAPHY: Mountains, valleys, coast
INTERNET CODE: .do
inhabitants called Taínos settled the
Native population in 1492: 500,000.
1520 Native population: none.
Spanish two-thirds of the island, known as
1861-1863 The Dominican Republic peacefully returns to the Spanish Empire without war.
Dominican Republic wins war of independence from
1930-1961 Dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo.
1962 Juan Bosch elected president.
1963-1965 Military golpe de estado deposes Bosch.
The military establishes a military dictatorship.
civil war begins in the
1966-1996 Joaquín Balaguer is elected president many times.
1996-2008 Leonel Fernández Reyna elected president to two two-year terms.
GOVERNMENT: Constitutional Democratic Republic, Representative Democracy
PRINCIPAL MEMBERS OF INTELLIGENTSIA:
Alvarez (novelist, poet, essayist). She was born in 1950 in