Three horizontal bands of red, white, and blue with an emblem in the center; the emblem is different on each side of the flag; the front side has the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words República del Paraguay); the back side has the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice) and the words República del Paraguay also.
NAME: República del Paraguay (The name comes from Guaraní words for "water" and "sea".)
POPULATION: 6,900,000 (2008); 6,700,000 (2014)
ETHNIC GROUPS: Mestizo (95%); Amerindian (4%); White (1%)
CAPITAL: Asunción, 2,000,000)
LANGUAGES: Official languages: Spanish and Guaraní
RELIGION: Roman Catholic (90%); Protestant (6%)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: Men (73); women (79)
GOVERNMENT: Democratic constitutional republic
President: Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez (1951 – present)
Legislature: Bicameral Congress
MILITARY: Army, National Navy (Armada Nacional, Naval Aviation, Marine Corps), Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Paraguaya, FAP)
ECONOMY: Exports: bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee, and clothing
MONEY: Guaraní (PYG) (5,000 PYG = $1.00 US)
INTERNET CODE: .py
11,000 BCE (or up to 34,000 BCE): pre-Colombian settlers
pre-1537 Seminomadic, Guaraní-speaking tribes, who were reputed to be fierce warriors
Díaz de Solís was the first Spanish explorer to set foot on
de Salazar y Espinoza (Spanish explorer) founded the Spanish colonial city of
1767 The Jesuits were expelled from all Spanish territories all around the world.
14: Independence Day from
actual fighting for independence in
1816-1840 Dictatorship under José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia. Francia was one of the worst dictators in world history.
1840-1865 Dictatorships under Carlos Antonio López and Francisco Solano López, two more terrible dictators.
War of the Triple Alliance:
1870-1904 National reconstruction controlled and led by governements under the Colorado Party, which alternated and contended for power with the Liberal Party.
1904-1932 Government controlled by various governments under the Liberal Party.
1954-1989 Dictatorship under Alfredo Stroessner.
1992 Current Constitution promulgated
2003-2008 President Nicanor Duarte Frutos
2008-2013 Paraguay elected Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez, a former Catholic bishop, as president. His election victory broke 60 consecutive years of power for the Colorado Party.
2012 …, but, in 2012 President Lugo Méndez was charged by the Senate with “poor performance of his duties;” he was impeached, convicted, and removed from office; he was replaced as president by the vice president, Federico Franco, who will finish the term in 2013.
2013–2018 Horacion Cartes electes president
PRINCIPAL POLITICAL PARTIES:
Asociacion Nacional Republicana (Colorado Party, ANR)
Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos (UNACE);
Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party, PQ)
Partido Encuentro Nacional (PEN)
Partido Liberal Radical Autentico (PLRA)
Partido País Solidario (PPS)
Synchretism of European humanities with Amerindian culture, especially the Guaraní.
Roa Bastos (1917-2005) was one of