NAME: República de Panamá
POPULATION: 3,300,000 (2007)
ETHNIC GROUPS: Mestizo and White (70%); Mulatto (14%); Amerindian (6%)
CAPITAL: Panamá, 2,000,000)
LANGUAGES: Official language: Spanish
Catholic (85%) ; Protestant (15%)
; Protestant (15%)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: Men (73); women (78)
GOVERNMENT: Democratic constitutional republic
President: Torrijos Espino
Legislature: Unicameral Asamblea Nacional
MILITARY: No regular military forces
ECONOMY: Exports: bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee, and clothing
MONEY: balboa (PAB), which is pegged directly to the US dollar (USD) (1.00 PAB = $1.00 US)
is bordered by
INTERNET CODE: .pa
11,000 BCE (or up to 34,000 BCE): pre-Colombian settlers
500-900 CE Conte civilization with polychrome potter in the Coclé style
got its independence from
República de Gran
remained a part of
President Jimmy Carter of the
1983-1989 Gen. Manuel Noriega seized power.
1989 The US Army invaded Pananá and seized presidential dictator Manuel Noriega on the grounds that he was supporting drug traffickers.
2004 Martin Torrijos Espino elected president.
PRINCIPAL POLITICAL PARTIES:
Democratic Change (CD)
Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD)
Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (MOLIRENA)
Panamenista Party (PA)
Patriotic Union Party (PU)
Synchretism of European humanities with African and Amerindian cultures. A famous Panamanian dance is the tamborito, which fuses an originally Spanish dance with Amerindian rhythms, music, and choreography. Panamá also features dance and music derived from jazz, blues, salsa, reggae, and contemporary rock. Crafts such as basket weaving, woodcarving and pottery are prominent. A piece of clothing called the mola (a woman's blouse) is derived from patterns created by the Kuna Indians.